The Arab Parliament, created in 2001 within the Arab League, has designated the Houthi militia as a terrorist group. The resolution, which was adopted on Wednesday at a session of the parliamentary institution held in Cairo, has been justified by several factors: first, the latest attacks carried out with drones and missiles against civilians and civilian facilities in the territory of Saudi Arabia.
Thus, the president of the chamber, Meshaal Bin Fahad Al-Salmi , has declared that “the Parliament will not approve any group that directs its attacks against civilian areas” and has described the last attacks as “war crimes”, following the line expressed by the international coalition led by Saudi Arabia that fights in Yemen and by organizations like Human Rights Watch.
In this regard, it should be noted that Parliament has urged the United Nations Security Council and the international organization as a whole to adopt the same resolution and classify the Houthi rebellion as a terrorist group, since, as the parliamentary document puts it, its These actions have constituted flagrant violations of international law and, in particular, of international humanitarian law that regulates armed conflicts in the 1949 Geneva Conventions. Similarly, Parliament has requested the UN to persecute the leaders, the funders and to the States – with implicit reference to Iran – that are part of the militia and / or that sustain it.
Secondly, Parliament has categorically condemned one of the first attacks against Saudi interests, when the Houthis launched a drone operation that hit two oil stations located in Yanbu, a city in western Saudi Arabia.
With these two factors on the table, the chamber has also asked the UN to compel Iran to comply with Security Council resolution 2216, adopted in 2015, which prohibits all countries from supplying, transferring and the sale of arms, ammunition and any other type of war material to the Houthis, as well as the provision of technical and / or financial assistance. This document established, thus, the arms embargo. It should be remembered, as Daniel Abascal told Atalayar, that a ship with an Iranian shipment of weapons and technological components for the assembly of drones destined for the Houthi rebels had unloaded in the Yemeni port of Al Hudeida in mid-May.
Thirdly, the parliamentarians have based their actions on the sabotage of the four foreign oil tankers in Emirati waters on 12 May and, more recently, on the attack on two ships in the Gulf of Oman on 13 June. While the responsibility for these incidents has not yet been officially clarified, the first indications are that Iran, which supports the Houthi rebels in the war in Yemen, as denounced by Parliament, would be behind them, as has been stated from United States.
In this sense, the chamber has also denounced the direct or indirect negative interference of Iran in the internal affairs of the Arab countries and has referred, specifically, to two cases: on the one hand, Bahrain, where the Parliament accuses Iran of forming and support militias, extremist groups and terrorist organizations; to capture terrorists and supply weapons; and to encourage sectarianism to destabilize and dent the security of the Gulf monarchy. On the other hand, the parliamentary institution has rejected outright the Iranian occupation of three islands administered by the United Arab Emirates (UAE) – Greater Tunb, Lesser Tunb and Abu Musa, located in the eastern part of the Persian Gulf – and has reiterated its support for the UAE in all its actions to recover its sovereignty over those territories.
Meanwhile, during a press conference on the occasion of the Arab parliamentary session, the president of the Yemeni Parliament, Sultan Al Burkani, thanked “the efforts of the member countries of the Arab Coalition to counteract the coup” and has asserted that Yemen is ” the main problem in the region. ” Al Burkani has also referred to the warning of the World Food Program (WFP) to suspend shipments of humanitarian aid to the country because it reached “the wrong hands.” Thus, the president of the institution has accused the Houthis of “looting” the humanitarian assistance packages and of interfering with the work of the UN on the ground.
Following the wake of the peaks of Mecca
During the meeting, parliamentarians signed the resolutions adopted at the Mecca summits, organized by the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) and the Arab League and held in emergency from 30 to 31 May, due to the intensification of tensions in the region. Persian Gulf. In them, the regional determination to face the Iranian threats was reflected, although Qatar was configured as the only country that rejected the conclusive documents of the summits.
The Saudi King, Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, present in Mecca, denounced that Iran “threatens the security and stability of our countries and interferes in their affairs” and has warned that “the fact of not taking a dissuasive and firm position to face these terrorist practices of the Iranian regime in the region is what has led it to persist in its actions and to scale them in the way we see today. ”
For this reason, the Saudi king has already called on the rest of the international community and the UN to take measures and assume responsibilities in order to stop the intensification of tensions orchestrated from Iran, a position that has now been added to official the Arab Parliament.