The world seems to be seeing a new phase in the global war of IS terrorism, which began in Sri Lanka on Easter Sunday, according to researcher Faiz Sobhan, director of the Bangladesh Enterprise Institute based in Dhaka.
Immediately after the lethal coordinated terrorist attacks on high-class churches and hotels in Sri Lanka, IS announced the attack. The IS media released a video of the group’s chief leader, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, conveying a message that addressed indignation in Sri Lanka, and bad news for most of the world including Asia.
Earlier this year, the United States and its allies destroyed the last stronghold of IS in Syria. Baghdadi sought to recruit his followers for a new war, direct attacks on countries outside their territorial fortifications in Syria and Iraq. Governments, including in Asia, have to deal with a threat as the attack has targeted Sri Lanka.
The release of Baghdadi’s first video message – since he appeared in a famous Grand al-Nuri mosque in Mosul, Iraq in 2014 – ended the news that the IS leader could hurt. weak or dead.
Recently, starting from the fasting month of Ramadan, or the Muslim fasting month, is the time when Baghdadi feels fit to promote the spirit of his supporters, and to show the IS global ambition.
According to the video message, Baghdadi said that he had long made plans to continue into global struggles through branches around the world. That strategy seems to have been successful, not only in Asia.
Baghdadi’s video can be considered a “green light” for the recent outbreak of terrorism during Ramadan.
After the attack on Sri Lanka on April 21, IS terrorism announced in May that it had attacked in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, Syria, Libya, Nigeria, and Central African Republic, as well as Bangladesh.
Back in Bangladesh, a land of 90% of Muslims, became the spotlight on April 30, along with the Baghdadi video release day.
In the video, there were photos of five terrorists staging the attack on Holey Artisan Bakery in the capital Dhaka in July 2016, and the transmission of messages in Bengali, English and Hindi threatened many attacks. public.
Bangladesh had two days of national mourning because the victims were murdered by Muslim State gunmen at the bakery. 20 hostages, mostly foreigners, were killed in the attack. Two policemen were killed and 30 were injured. Bangladesh task force rescued 13 people after 12 hours they were besieged, killed six gunmen and arrested one. Nine Italians, seven Japanese, one US citizen and one Indian were killed. Argentine chef Diego Rossini said gunmen stormed Holey Artisan Bakery Friday night with bombs and machine guns, according to the BBC.
On April 29, a small bombing in Gulistan, Dhaka, and Bangladesh districts injured three policemen. The attack was acknowledged by IS, calling it a “Operation in Bengal”. Some analysts said that the bombing signaled the beginning of more attacks in Bangladesh, and likely to happen in India.
On May 27, another explosion took place in the Malibagh area, Dhaka injured three people, including a police officer. IS also announced the attack, and the city police said the attack was more deadly than the April 29 attack.
Since the Holey Artisan Bakery attack killed 24 people along with five terrorists, Bangladesh security forces have taken action to suppress those suspected of being militants, according to the Nikkei.
The Bangladesh government has learned some important lessons since the Holey Artisan Bakery. They believe that the bakery attack is one of the links to the Neo-Jamatul Mujahedeen Bangladesh terrorist group (JMB), which is likely to have a relationship with IS, since 2014, according to expert Faiz. Sobhan.
Also according to Faiz Sobhan, for Bangladesh and other countries, the best way to combat extremism and terrorism is to have effective, long-term and sustainable programs to address grievances at the individual level. and community.
The new phase of IS can be a stronger threat, because “IS 2.0” – is high-tech terrorism with social media methods. IS propaganda targets young people through mobile phones, computers and tablets, calling them to fight anyone who is considered an enemy. Certainly this will lead to terrorist attacks carried out by individuals and independent groups, called “lone wolf” or “wolf pack”.